22 October 2003
Chapter 14 Review
Pg. 363 A-J
A) Anabaptists- A group that believed that only adults should receive the sacrament of baptism.
B) Henry VIII-Was a ruler who wanted to end papal control over the English Church and stood firmly against the Protestant Revolt at first.
C) Mary Tudor- was the queen before Elizabeth 1, however only six months after she was in the throne, she locked up her sister Elizabeth 1 as a cautionary step.
D) Book of Common Prayer-was restored, under the throne of Elizabeth 1, although it was revised to make it more acceptable to Catholics.
E) Elizabeth 1-Became Queen, and adopted a policy of religious compromise, where she started cautiously, but that gradually enforced reforms that she felt both moderate Catholics and Protestants could accept.
F) Catholic Reformation-The leader of the Catholic Reformation was Pope Paul III, and as the Protestant Reformation swept across northern Europe, the Catholic Church had a vigorous reform.
G) Council of Trent-The council of Trent was created to establish the direction that reform should take. In 1545, this council met off and on for almost 20 years.
H) Inquisition-The inquisition was to deal with the Protestant threat more directly, and the Pope strengthened the Inquisition. The Inquisition was a Church court set up to the heresies during the Middle Ages.
I) Jesuits-In 1540, the pope recognized a new religious order, the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits. This was Founded by Ignatius of Loyola, the Jesuit order was determined to combat heresy and spread the Catholic Faith.
J) St. Teresa of Avila- Was a women who symbolized the renewal of faith. She was widely honored for her work, and after her death the Church made her a saint.
Pg 367 A-G
A) Nicolaus Copernicus-A Polish Scholar, who in 1542 published On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres, where he proposed a heliocentric or sun-centered model of the universe.
B) Tycho Brahe-A Danish astronomer, who in the late 1500s provided evidence that supported Copernicuss theory.
C) Johannes Kepler-A German astronomer and mathematician, used Brahes data to calculate the orbits of the planets revolving around the sun.
D) Galilleo Galilei- From Italy, used technology developed by a Dutch lens grinder to assemble an astronomical telescope.
E) Andreas Vesalius-published On the Structure of the Human Body, which was the first accurate and detailed study of human anatomy.
F) William Harvey-In the early 1600s described the circulation of the blood for the first time.
G) Rene Descartes-A Frenchman who devoted himself to the problem of knowledge. He helped bring the scientific method to the pursuit of knowledge.